On the shoulders of Artificial Intelligence

This course is a introduction at ChatGPT (or generally on Artificial Intelligence, ChatGPT being a use case) and its use cases for research scientist. ChatGPT is a state-of-the-art language model developed by OpenAI, based on the Generative Pre-training Transformer (GPT) architecture. It is capable of generating human-like text, including sentences, paragraphs, and even entire articles. It was trained on a massive amount of text data from the Internet, allowing it to recognize language patterns and generate consistent, relevant responses to queries.

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How can ChatGPT help me?

ChatGPT can be a valuable tool for researchers looking to save time, generate new information, and improve the quality of their research. Here is a non-exhaustive list :

  1. Reviews of literature / State of the art : it can be used to generate summaries of articles and articles on a given topic. This can save researchers time by quickly summarizing a large amount of information. → see the course State of the art with ChatGPT
  2. Summary of article: it can generate accurate summaries of articles and papers, and it can also help researchers make more accurate predictions based on textual data. This can improve the quality of work and inform decision-making. → see the course State of the art with ChatGPT
  3. Idea generation: it can be used to generate new ideas or problematic or to help researchers find solutions to problems. → see the course Research proposal with ChatGPT
  4. Organizing ideas: it can be used to classify text data into categories, such as sentiment analysis, topic classification, or identifying key themes. This can help researchers analyze large amounts of data more efficiently. → see the course Research proposal with ChatGPT
  5. Trends and fashion: it can help generate new ideas for research topics or help identify solutions to problems perhaps not considered. This can lead to innovative results that push the boundaries of current knowledge.→ see the course Research proposal with ChatGPT
  6. Insight generation: it can help researchers generate new insights from data and identify patterns and trends that may not be immediately apparent. → see the Data Analysis with ChatGPT course
  7. Data analysis : it can be used to generate insights from large amounts of text data, such as social media posts or news articles. This can help researchers identify patterns and trends in the data. → see the Data Analysis with ChatGPT course
  8. Writing help: it can be used to generate a draft for articles or research proposals. Researchers can use the generated text as a starting point and refine it according to their needs. → see the course Write with ChatGPT
  9. Code help: Same idea as for writing.  → see the Coding with ChatGPT course
  10. Automating : it can automate and simplify certain tasks, allowing researchers to focus on other aspects of their work.   → see the Workflow and ethics course with ChatGPT

Benefits of using ChatGPT

Using this tool in research can provide many benefits that can help researchers save time and resources, improve the quality of their research, and generate new ideas and approaches. As with any tool, it is important to use it responsibly and critically evaluate the results it generates. Here is a non-exhaustive list of advantages in research:

  1. Time saving : it can save researchers time by quickly generating summaries, analyzing data, and even writing texts.
  2. Efficiency : it can help researchers process and analyze large amounts of data more efficiently than they could do manually.
  3. Flexibility: it can be used in a wide range of research areas and applications, making it a versatile tool for researchers.
  4. Accessibility: it can make research more accessible to people who may have difficulty with methods due to language barriers or lack of knowledge.
  5. Personalization: it can be customized to meet the specific needs of researchers and their projects, allowing for more personalized results.
  6. Versatility: it can be used for a wide range of tasks, such as literature reviews, data analyses, writing assistance, etc. 
  7. Innovative research: it can facilitate the development of new methodologies and approaches, opening up new possibilities for innovative research.
  8. Quality improvement : it can help searchers generate better quality content.

How to get ChatGPT

Access to ChatGPT depends on your specific use case. If you are looking to access the tool for personal use or experimentation, you can access it through OpenAI's GPT-3 Playground.

It is important to note its use for research purposes may require additional considerations, such as ethical use and data privacy issues. It is important to consult your research team and follow ethical guidelines when using the tool.

Getting started with ChatGPT is relatively simple and requires no specific account setup. Researchers can choose from a variety of interfaces or APIs to access the tool and select the model that best suits their needs. Here are the steps to set up your account:

  1. Choose an interface or API: OpenAI provides various interfaces and APIs to access ChatGPT. Some popular options include the GPT-3 Playground, Hugging Face, and OpenAI's API.
  2. Create an account (if necessary): Some interfaces or APIs may require the creation of an account. Follow the instructions provided by the platform to create an account if necessary.
  3. Select the model: The tool is available in different versions with different levels of complexity and capabilities. Choose the model that best suits your needs. For example, you can choose a smaller model if your computing resources are limited or a larger model if you need more advanced features.
  4. Enter your text: Once you have selected the appropriate template, you can enter your text into the interface or API. The tool can generate text based on a query or answer a question, depending on the specific use case.
  5. Evaluate the results: It is important to critically evaluate the results generated. Although the model is capable of generating high-quality text, it is not foolproof and may produce inaccurate or biased results in certain contexts. Always review and verify results before using them in your search. You can also ask for more details, more points or to rephrase a request; this will allow the answers to be cross-referenced to have a better overview of the desired content.

Will ChatGPT do the job for me?

Here are some additional points and details to keep in mind when using ChatGPT, its potential depends on your use of it. It is a support tool, in order to benefit from its qualities you still need to know how to use it and analyze the information:

  1. Use natural language queries: it is designed to work with natural language queries. So try to phrase your requests in a way that you're asking a colleague for suggestions. For example, "Can you recommend academic articles on battery technologies, with details on each?" »
  2. Use specific keywords: When writing queries, make sure to use specific keywords related to your search topic. Using more specific keywords will generate more accurate and relevant results. 
  3. Refine your queries if necessary: If the results generated are not relevant to your search topic, try refining your queries or related keywords. Be patient and experiment with different queries until you find the best combination that generates the most relevant results. It may take many queries before you find the right keywords and language (the answers can help you manage your queries better).
  4. Check the credibility of the sources: It is important to check the credibility of each source before using it in your research. Use tools like Google Scholar, Web of Science, or Scopus to determine if the source is peer-reviewed and trustworthy.
  5. Be aware of bias: ChatGPT may generate sources that are biased toward a particular perspective or ideology. Keep this in mind and try to find sources that represent a variety of viewpoints and opinions. Vary the queries in order to have the most content to analyze, do not hesitate to ask for more “any other points to detail?”, “can you tell me more?”
  6. Use ChatGPT in addition: The tools must be used in addition to your own skills and critical thinking. Although it can be a useful tool for identifying relevant sources, it should not replace your own judgment or expertise in the field. The results are only a rough draft to be reworked with human expertise.

How to generate quality content

In order to make requests as best as possible, it is important to follow these following rules; we will also cover the downstream work to be done after ChatGPT has released a text:

  1. Use a clear and concise writing style: When entering your queries, make sure they are written in a clear and concise style.
  2. Enter the relevant information: When selecting what information to enter, be sure to include only the most relevant information. Go straight to the point, it is best to ask several questions simple rather than a question with too many points to cover.
  3. Use specific queries: use specific queries that ask for specific information or results about a particular domain. This can help the tool generate a targeted and relevant summary. Do not hesitate to ask to add information in relation to the last request.

Here are some tips for analyzing the generated summaries/results:

  1. Check for errors: review the generated text for any errors or inconsistencies. This can help improve accuracy and readability. Do not hesitate to mix several query results in order to extract the most relevant content for your needs. The tool can help you summarize several texts or organize the ideas of a text.
  2. Check for bias: The tool uses natural language processing algorithms, which can sometimes produce biased or inaccurate results. Therefore, it is important to examine the result generated for any bias or inaccuracy and make the necessary corrections.
  3. Check the contents: summaries should not be the only resource you rely on. Use additional resources, such as textbooks, journal articles, or expert opinions, to supplement and verify the information.
  4. Edit the generated summary: After generating a summary, take the time to read it carefully and edit it if necessary.
  5. Customize the summary length: queries allow you to customize the length of the generated summary. Experiment with different summary lengths to find the length that best captures the essence of the original text. You can also ask to re-generate a summary to modify the result.
  6. Review and refine: After generating a summary, review and refine it until it accurately captures your query. This may involve rearranging sentences or asking for additional information to clarify key points.
  7. Use multiple summaries: To improve the quality of the generated summary, it is often useful to use multiple summaries from different queries. This can help ensure that the summary captures a range of perspectives and conclusions.